What exactly is CBD?
CBD or Cannabidiol is a compound that is extracted from cannabis or hemp-based sources. CBD comes from the cannabinoid family as does THC, the main difference being that while CBD also offers anti-inflammatory, neuroprotectant and analgesic benefits, it does not produce the psychoactive effects of THC.
What is CBD used for?
CBD is used to treat a wide-range of conditions including, epilepsy, joint pain, nerve pain, faster wound healing, skin problems, -inflammation, muscle soreness and more.
CBD also enhances circulation and regenerates cellular activity, which means that there is an ever-increasing number of conditions that can be treated with this particular cannabinoid. Given its ability to reduce oxidative stress, CBD has also been shown to improve mental health disorders such as anxiety and depression.
Since CBD is not psychoactive, is it legal?
Technically, under federal law all cannabinoid-based products are listed as Schedule I controlled substances. According to a new statement by the DEA,
For practical purposes, all extracts that contain CBD will also contain at least small amounts of other cannabinoids.
However, if it were possible to produce from the cannabis plant an extract that contained only CBD and no other cannabinoids, such an extract would fall within the new drug code 7350.
As of now, CBD can only be purchased in legalized states as with THC-containing products. However, cannabis activists and an increasing number of supporters within the medical community agree that CBD is a powerful relief agent that poses no discernible health risk.
Can CBD show up on a drug test?
According to Quest Diagnostics, if the product contains only CBD and has had the THC removed, then an individual being tested would not be expected to test positive for marijuana or marijuana metabolite.
But the hitch is that some CBD products may contain minute amounts of THC, thus creating what is called the entourage effect. The entourage effect describes a synergy between cannabinoids that enhances their effects.
In essence, if CBD is used in high doses and/or on a regular basis, it is possible that traces of THC metabolites could show up on a drug test. This is unlikely, but still possible.
CBD comes in which forms?
CBD oil is currently the most popular form as it tends to be high in potency. It is also likely to be mixed with other beneficial herbs or essential oils which penetrate the skin for deeper healing. Oils are also versatile, since they can also be safely ingested.
CBD oil is ideal for treating ear localized infections like in the ear or fungal. The sales of high-CBD transdermal patches and other topical forms such as creams, balms and salves are quickly gaining traction as well due to their ability to provide quick symptom relief.
Do some CBD products contain THC?
Medical marijuana patients have the option of buying CBD-only (though there could be trace amounts of THC), or products that clearly contain both CBD and THC.
When CBD and THC are combined, they enhance the other’s most useful properties, so some conditions may benefit from using a combination of the two. However, CBD-only products are widely available and you should verify with the dispensary or product retailer as to whether or not a product contains THC if you are looking to avoid it.
How do I use CBD?
As mentioned earlier, CBD oil can be applied topically or safely ingested. For relaxation, inflammation-reduction or other benefits, many users will use the oil for cooking, add it to smoothies, or simply hold a few drops underneath the tongue for a few seconds.
High CBD-containing topicals can be directly applied to affected areas of the body for soothing relief. Transdermal patches will deliver the healing cannabinoids directly into the bloodstream for direct healing of the affected area.
Can I buy CBD products online?
The market is currently flooded with online retailers who claim to sell and ship CBD products. This leads many to believe that CBD is perfectly legal; guess again. Drugpolicy.org has this to say,
The cannabis plant, and everything in it, is illegal under federal law. And even in states where it is legal, it is not legal to ship cannabis products from state to state, or to leave the state with such a product.
Well then, how are online retailers able to advertise an illegal product? It’s simple. These products are made from cannabis ruderalis (or hemp), which according to Drugpolicy.org “does not contain [CBD] in a high enough concentration to have a therapeutic effect.”
Hemp can legally be shipped from state to state, so online retailers are ‘taking large amounts of hemp plants and processing them harshly to try and derive enough CBD to call their oil a ‘CBD product,” says Drugpolicy.org.
What is a cannabinoid?
The Cannabis plant and its products consist of an enormous variety of chemicals, including over 100 unique cannabinoids. While some are more well known than others, each has an important part to play in the healing process. Here’s a handy guide highlighting some of the most notable properties of these remarkable cannabinoids.
Types of cannabinoid
Compound: Cannabigerolic Acid
Pharmacological Characteristics: Antibiotic
Pharmacological Characteristics: Antibiotic, Antifungal, Anti-inflammatory, Analgesic, GABA uptake inhibitor, reduces keratinocytes proliferation in psoriasis, effective against MRSA.
Pharmacological Characteristics: Antibiotic, Antifungal, Anti-inflammatory, Analgesic (weak)
Compound: Cannabidiolic Acid
Pharmacological Characteristics: Antibiotic
Pharmacological Characteristics: Anxiolytic, Antipsychotic, Analgesic, Anti-inflammatory, Antioxidant, Antispasmodic, Anti-emetic, Antifungal, Anti-convulsant, Antidepressant, Antagonizes the effects of THC, decreases sebum/sebocytes proliferation, effective against methicillin-resistant staphylococcus aureus, pro-apoptotic against breast cancer cell lines.
Pharmacological Characteristics: Sedative, Antibiotic, Anti-convulsant, Anti-inflammatory, decreases breast cancer resistant protein, effective against MRSA.
Compound: Delta-9 Tetrahydrocannabinol
Pharmacological Characteristics: Euphoriant, Analgesic, Anti-inflammatory, Antioxidant, Antiemetic, Antipruritic, Bronchodilator.
Compound: Delta-9 Tetrahydrocannabivarin
Pharmacological Characteristics: Analgesic, Euphoriant, Anti-convulsant in vitro.